Latin name: Anthemis nobilis
Source country: Almost exclusively cultivated in Europe
Appearance: Clear with a very light blue tinge
Aroma: Sharp, apple like, sweet aroma.
Derivation: Steam distillation of the bright white/yellow flowers of the plant. Low
yielding making chamomile expensive.
Chemicals: Chrysin is a specific flavenoid found in chamomile. This compound is
anxiolytic which is thought to give chamomile its reputation as a sleep aid. The main
chemical constituents are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole,
as well as typical sesquiterpenoids such as azulene and farnesol. Also angelate esters.
Uses: The most common use of chamomile is as the dried herb tea. This is used as a
relaxant and sleep aid. It helps with feelings of impatience, and irritation. It therefore has
great value in problems such as PMS and other menstrual problems. The oil itself is used
for many skin problems ranging from eczema and psoriasis as well as muscle and joint
pain. It not only heals the skin but also helps with regeneration of tissue. It would
probably be used much more widely for the latter if it were not for the expense. Should not
be used by pregnant women.
Chamomile is the correct spelling but camomile is also used.
Note: As with all pure essential oils, dilute appropriately with a suitable carrier oil
before using on the skin. Do not take essential oils internally